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Portfolio >> Boris Kustodiev

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  • Boris Kustodiev - Pancake Tuesday (Maslenitsa) 1
  • Boris Kustodiev - Sleigh Riding
  • Boris Kustodiev - Savely Magara's House
  • Boris Kustodiev - Belle
  • Boris Kustodiev - Apple and Hundred-ruble Note
  • Boris Kustodiev - Merchant's Wedding
  • Boris Kustodiev - Portrait of Piotr Kapitsa and Nikolai Semionov
  • Boris Kustodiev - Autmn in the Province
  • Boris Kustodiev - The Entry
  • Boris Kustodiev - Whitsunday
  • Boris Kustodiev - Harvest
  • Boris Kustodiev - Bathing 1
  • Boris Kustodiev - Belle 1
  • Boris Kustodiev - Autumn Promenade
  • Boris Kustodiev - February 27, 1927
  • Boris Kustodiev - Furnachova
  • Boris Kustodiev - A Merchant Wife at Tea
  • Boris Kustodiev - The Flower Harvest
  • Boris Kustodiev - Merchant's Wife
  • Boris Kustodiev - Bathing
  • Boris Kustodiev - Fontanka
  • Boris Kustodiev - Autumn
  • Boris Kustodiev - By Window
  • Boris Kustodiev - Promenading along the Banks of the Volga
  • Boris Kustodiev - The Red Tower of the Trinity-St. Sergius Monastery
  • Boris Kustodiev - Merchant's wife Drinkinq tea
  • Boris Kustodiev - Moscow Traktir (Tavern)
  • Boris Kustodiev - Portrait of alexander Anisimov
  • Boris Kustodiev - Summer. The Province
  • Boris Kustodiev - A Sailor and His Sweetheart
 
All 211 Artworks from Boris Kustodiev





Boris Mikhaylovich Kustodiev (March 7, 1878–May 28, 1927) was a Russian painter and stage designer.

Early life
Boris Kustodiev was born in Astrakhan into the family of a professor of philosophy, history of literature, and logic at the local theological seminary. His father died young, and all financial and material burdens fell on his mother's shoulders. The Kustodiev family rented a small wing in a rich merchant's house. It was there that the boy's first impressions were formed of the way of life of the provincial merchant class. The artist later wrote, "The whole tenor of the rich and plentiful merchant way of life was there right under my nose... It was like something out of an Ostrovsky play." The artist retained these childhood observations for years, recreating them later in oils and water-colours.

Art studies
Between 1893 and 1896, Boris studied in theological seminary and took private art lessons in Astrakhan from Pavel Vlasov, a pupil of Vasily Perov. Subsequently, from 1896 to 1903, he attended Ilya Repin’s studio at the Imperial Academy of Arts in St. Petersburg. Concurrently, he took classes in sculpture under Dmitry Stelletsky and in etching under Vasiliy Mate. He first exhibited in 1896.

"I have great hopes for Kustodiev," wrote Repin. "He is a talented artist and a thoughtful and serious man with a deep love of art; he is making a careful study of nature..." When Repin was commissioned to paint a large-scale canvas to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the State Council, he invited Kustodiev to be his assistant. The painting was extremely complex and involved a great deal of hard work. Together with his teacher, the young artist made portrait studies for the painting, and then executed the right-hand side of the final work. Also at this time, Kustodiev made a series of portraits of contemporaries whom he felt to be his spiritual comrades. These included the artist Ivan Bilibin (1901, Russian Museum), Moldovtsev (1901, Krasnodar Regional Art Museum), and the engraver Mate (1902, Russian Museum). Working on these portraits considerably helped the artist, forcing him to make a close study of his model and to penetrate the complex world of the human soul.

In 1903, he married Julia Proshinskaya (1880-1942).

He visited France and Spain on a grant from the Imperial Academy of Arts in 1904. Also in 1904, he attended the private studio of René Ménard in Paris. After that he traveled to Spain, then, in 1907, to Italy, and in 1909 he visited Austria and Germany, and again France and Italy. During these years he painted many portraits and genre pieces. However, no matter where Kustodiev happened to be – in sunny Seville or in the park at Versailles – he felt the irresistible pull of his motherland. After five months in France he returned to Russia, writing with evident joy to his friend Mate that he was back once more "in our blessed Russian land".

Career
The Russian Revolution of 1905, which shook the foundations of society, evoked a vivid response in the artist's soul. He contributed to the satirical journals Zhupel (Bugbear) and Adskaya Pochta (Hell’s Mail). At that time, he first met the artists of Mir Iskusstva (World of Art), a group of innovative Russian artists. He joined their association in 1910 and subsequently took part in all their exhibitions.

In 1905, Kustodiev first turned to book illustrating, a genre in which he worked throughout his entire life. He illustrated many works of classical Russian literature, including Nikolai Gogol's Dead Souls, The Carriage, and The Overcoat; Mikhail Lermontov's The Lay of Tsar Ivan Vasilyevich, His Young Oprichnik and the Stouthearted Merchant Kalashnikov; and Leo Tolstoy's How the Devil Stole the Peasants Hunk of Bread and The Candle.

In 1909, he was elected into Imperial Academy of Arts. He continued to work intensively, but a grave illness—tuberculosis of the spine—required urgent attention. On the advice of his doctors he went to Switzerland, where he spent a year undergoing treatment in a private clinic. He pined for his distant homeland, and Russian themes continued to provide the basic material for the works he painted during that year. In 1918, he painted The Merchant's Wife, which became the most famous of his paintings.

In 1916, he became paraplegic. "Now my whole world is my room", he wrote. His ability to remain joyful and lively despite his paralysis amazed others. His colourful paintings and joyful genre pieces do not reveal his physical suffering, and on the contrary give the impression of a carefree and cheerful life. His Pancake Tuesday/Maslenitsa (1916) and Fontanka (1916) are all painted from his memories. He meticulously restores his own childhood in the busy city on the Volga banks.

In the first years after the Russian Revolution of 1917 the artist worked with great inspiration in various fields. Contemporary themes became the basis for his work, being embodied in drawings for calendars and book covers, and in illustrations and sketches of street decorations, as well as some portraits (Portrait of Countess Grabowska). His covers for the journals The Red Cornfield and Red Panorama attracted attention because of their vividness and the sharpness of their subject matter. Kustodiev also worked in lithography, illustrating works by Nekrasov. His illustrations for Leskov's stories The Darner and Lady Macbeth of the Mtsensk District were landmarks in the history of Russian book designing, so well did they correspond to the literary images.

Stage design
The artist was also interested in designing stage scenery. He first started work in the theatre in 1911, when he designed the sets for Alexandr Ostrovskv's An Ardent Heart. Such was his success that further orders came pouring in. In 1913, he designed the sets and costumes for The Death of Pazukhin at the Moscow Art Theatre. His talent in this sphere was especially apparent in his work for Ostrovsky's plays; It's a Family Affair, A Stroke of Luck, Wolves and Sheep, and The Storm. The milieu of Ostrovsky's plays—provincial life and the world of the merchant class—was close to Kustodiev's own genre paintings, and he worked easily and quickly on the stage sets.

In 1923, Kustodiev joined the Association of Artists of Revolutionary Russia. He continued to paint, make engravings, illustrate books, and design for the theater up until his death on May 28, 1927, in Leningrad.

[Biography - Boris Kustodiev - 8Ko]
Boris Mikhaïlovitch Koustodiev (Mars 7, 1878 le 28 mai 1927) était un peintre russe et scénographe. Début de la vie Boris Koustodiev est né à Astrakhan dans la famille d'un professeur de philosophie, l'histoire de la littérature, et la logique au séminaire théologique locales. Son père mourut jeune, et toutes les charges financières et matérielles ...
[Biography - Boris Kustodiev - 10Ko]
Boris Michailowitsch Kustodiev (7. März 1878-28 Mai 1927) war ein russischer Maler und Bühnenbildner. Frühes Leben Boris Kustodiev war in Astrachan in die Familie der Professor der Philosophie, Geschichte der Literatur, und die Logik auf der lokalen Priesterseminar geboren. Sein Vater starb jung, und alle finanziellen und materiellen Belastungen fi...
[Biography - Boris Kustodiev - 9Ko]
Boris Michajlovič Kustodiev (7 marzo 1878 28 maggio 1927) è stato un pittore e scenografo russo. Primi anni Boris Kustodiev nacque a Astrakhan nella famiglia di un professore di filosofia, storia della letteratura, e la logica nel locale seminario teologico. Suo padre morì giovane, e tutti gli oneri finanziari e del materiale caduto sulle spalle di...
[Biography - Boris Kustodiev - 8Ko]
Boris Mijáilovich Kustodiev (desde 3 7mo, 1878 hasta mayo 28, 1927) fue un pintor ruso y diseñador de escenarios. Primeros años Boris Kustodiev nació en Astrakhan en la familia de un profesor de filosofía, historia de la literatura, y la lógica en el seminario teológico local. Su padre murió joven, y todas las cargas financieras y el material cayó ...
[Biography - Boris Kustodiev - 9Ko]
Борис Михайлович Кустодиев (7 марта 1878-28 мая 1927), русский живописец и театральный художник. Ранняя жизнь Борис Кустодиев родился в Астрахани, в семье профессора философии, истории литературы, и логика в местной духовной семинарии. Его отец умер молодым, и все финансовые и материальные бремя упало на плечи матери. Семья Кустодиева арендовал неб...
[Biography - Boris Kustodiev - 7Ko]
鲍里斯Mikhaylovich Kustodiev(3月7日,1878年,1927年5月28日)是一个俄罗斯的画家和舞台设计师。 早期的生活 鲍里斯Kustodiev是出生在阿斯特拉罕州的一个家庭在当地神学院的教授,哲学,文学史和逻辑。父亲早逝,和所有的财力和物力负担落在他母亲的肩膀上。 Kustodiev家庭在一个富有的商人的房子租了一个小翼。在那里,男孩的第一印象是省的商人阶层的生活的方式形成。这位艺术家后来写道:“整个男高音丰富的生活和丰富的商人的方式是有权利根据我的鼻子... ...它喜欢的东西特罗夫斯基发挥。”艺术家保留了多年的这些儿童的观察,他们后面的油和水的颜色重现。 艺术研究 1893年和1896年间,鲍里斯在神学院学习,并在阿斯特拉罕州的私人艺术课从帕维尔弗拉索夫,瓦西里P...
[Biography - Boris Kustodiev - 4Ko]
Boris Mikhaylovich Kustodiev (7 de março de 1878, 28 de maio de 1927) foi um pintor russo e cenógrafo. Primeiros anos de vida Boris Kustodiev nasceu em Astrakhan na família de um professor de filosofia, história da literatura, e lógica no seminário local teológica. Seu pai morreu jovem, e todos os encargos financeiros e materiais caíram sobre os om...
[Biography - Boris Kustodiev - 9Ko]
ボリスMikhaylovich Kustodiev(1878年3月7日 - 1927年5月28日)はロシアの画家、舞台デザイナーでした。 初期の人生 ボリスKustodievは、地元の神学校で哲学、文学の歴史、そしてロジックの教授の家族にアストラハンに生まれました。彼の父親は若くして死んだ、とすべての金融と材料負担が母親の肩に落ちた。 Kustodievの家族は裕福な商人の家に小さな翼を借りた。それは、少年の第一印象は、地方商人のクラスの生活の妨げにならないように形成されたことがあった。アーティストは後に"生活の豊かで豊富な商人の道の全体のテナーは私の鼻の下にある右だった...これは、オストロフスキーのプレーから何かのようだった"と書いている。アーティストは、油と水の色は、後でそれらを再作成...
[Biography - Boris Kustodiev - 4Ko]
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