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Portfolio >> George Inness

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  • George Inness - Landscape with Figure
  • George Inness - Near Perugia
  • George Inness - Sunrise
  • George Inness - The Shower, Montclair, New Jersey
  • George Inness - Pastoral Landscape at Sunset
  • George Inness - Phantom Sea
  • George Inness - Woodland Interior
  • George Inness - Late Afternoon
  • George Inness - Medfield, Massachusetts
  • George Inness - Approaching Storm
  • George Inness - Etretat, Normandy
  • George Inness - Peace and Plenty
  • George Inness - Pond at Milton on the Hudson 1
  • George Inness - Montclair (aka The Rainbow)
  • George Inness - Monte Lucia, Perugia
  • George Inness - Niagara 1
  • George Inness - Rural Landscape
  • George Inness - Shepherd in a Landscape
  • George Inness - Sundown
  • George Inness - Autumn Landscape
  • George Inness - Fishing
  • George Inness - Homeward
  • George Inness - Near the Delaware Water Gap
  • George Inness - Stormy Day
  • George Inness - Sunset at Montclair
  • George Inness - Sunset Glow
  • George Inness - The Lone Farm, Nantucket
  • George Inness - Green Marshes
  • George Inness - The Old Barn
  • George Inness - Niagara
 
All 183 Artworks from George Inness





George Inness (May 1, 1825 -August 3, 1894) was an American landscape painter; born in Newburgh, New York; died at Bridge of Allan in Scotland. His work was influenced, in turn, by that of the old masters, the Hudson River school, the Barbizon school, and, finally, by the theology of Emanuel Swedenborg, whose spiritualism found vivid expression in the work of Inness' maturity. He is best known for these mature works that helped define the Tonalist movement.


Inness was the fifth of thirteen children born to John William Inness, a farmer, and his wife, Clarissa Baldwin. His family moved to Newark, New Jersey when he was about five years of age. In 1839 he studied for several months with an itinerant painter, John Jesse Barker. In his teens, Inness worked as a map engraver in New York City. During this time he attracted the attention of French landscape painter Régis François Gignoux, with whom he subsequently studied. Throughout the mid-1840s he also attended classes at the National Academy of Design, and studied the work of Hudson River School artists Thomas Cole and Asher Durand; "If", Inness later recalled thinking, "these two can be combined, I will try."


Concurrent with these studies Inness opened his first studio in New York. In 1849 Inness married Delia Miller, who died a few months later. The next year he married Elizabeth Abigail Hart, with whom he would have six children.


In 1851 a patron named Ogden Haggerty sponsored Inness' first trip to Europe to paint and study. Inness spent more than a year in Rome, during which time he rented a studio above that of painter William Page, who likely introduced the artist to Swedenborgianism.
During trips to Paris in the early 1850s, Inness came under the influence of artists working in the Barbizon school of France. Barbizon landscapes were noted for their looser brushwork, darker palette, and emphasis on mood. Inness quickly became the leading American exponent of Barbizon-style painting, which he developed into a highly personal style. In 1854 his son George Inness, Jr., who also became a landscape painter of note, was born in Paris.


In the mid-1850s, Inness was commissioned by the Delaware, Lackawanna and Western Railroad to create paintings which documented the progress of DLWRR's growth in early Industrial America. The Lackawanna Valley, painted ca. 1855, represents the railroad's first roundhouse at Scranton, Pennsylvania, and integrates technology and wilderness within an observed landscape; in time, not only would Inness shun the industrial presence in favor of bucolic or agrarian subjects, but he would produce much of his mature work in the studio, drawing on his visual memory to produce scenes that were often inspired by specific places, yet increasingly concerned with formal considerations.


The work of the 1860s and 1870s often tended toward the panoramic and picturesque, topped by cloud-laden and threatening skies, and included views of his native country (Autumn Oaks, 1878, Metropolitan Museum of Art  ; Catskill Mountains, 1870, Art Institute of Chicago), as well as scenes inspired by numerous travels overseas, especially to Italy and France (The Monk, 1873, Addison Gallery of American Art ; Etretat, 1875, Wadsworth Atheneum). In terms of composition, precision of drawing, and the emotive use of color, these paintings placed Inness among the best and most successful landscape painters in America.


Eventually Inness' art evidenced the influence of the theology of Emanuel Swedenborg. Of particular interest to Inness was the notion that everything in nature had a correspondential relationship with something spiritual and so received an "influx" from God in order to continually exist.


Another influence upon Inness' thinking was William James, also an adherent to Swedenborgianism. In particular, Inness was inspired by James' idea of consciousness as a "stream of thought", as well as his ideas concerning how mystical experience shapes one's perspective toward nature.


After Inness settled in Montclair, New Jersey in 1885, and particularly in the last decade of his life, this mystical component manifested in his art through a more abstracted handling of shapes, softened edges, and saturated color (October, 1886, Los Angeles County Museum of Art), a profound and dramatic juxtaposition of sky and earth (Early Autumn, Montclair, 1888, Montclair Art Museum ), an emphasis on the intimate landscape view (Sunset in the Woods, 1891, Corcoran Gallery of Art), and an increasingly personal, spontaneous, and often violent handling of paint. It is this last quality in particular which distinguishes Inness from those painters of like sympathies who are characterized as Luminists.


In a published interview, Inness maintained that "The true use of art is, first, to cultivate the artist's own spiritual nature."  His abiding interest in spiritual and emotional considerations did not preclude Inness from undertaking a scientific study of color, nor a mathematical, structural approach to composition: "The poetic quality is not obtained by eschewing any truths of fact or of Nature...Poetry is the vision of reality." 


Inness died while in Scotland in 1894. According to his son, he was viewing the sunset, when he threw up his hands into the air and exclaimed, "My God! oh, how beautiful!", fell to the ground, and died minutes later.

[Biography - George Inness - 7Ko]
George Inness était un peintre américain, né à Newburgh, État de New York le 1er mai 1825 et mort au Bridge of Allan, Écosse, le 3 août 1894. Inness était le 5e de 13 enfants d'un épicier. Sa famille a déménagé à Newark dans le New Jersey lorsqu'il avait 4 ans. Dans son adolescence, Inness a travaillé comme graveur de cartes et a dessiné des scènes...
[Biography - George Inness - 2Ko]
George Inness (* 1. Mai 1825 in Newburgh, NY &dagger 3. August 1894 in Bridge of Allan, Schottland) war ein amerikanischer tonalistischer Maler. Inness begann seine künstlerische Karriere im Stil der Maler der Hudson River School. Während seiner Reisen nach Paris in den frühen 1850ern geriet er jedoch unter den Einfluss von Künstlern der französi...
[Biography - George Inness - 4Ko]
George Inness (1825 - 1894). Paisajista estadounidense nacido cerca de Newburgh, estado de Nueva York. De formación autodidacta, su estilo fue evolucionando a partir del estudio de la pintura paisajista que conoció en los numerosos viajes que realizó a Europa. En sus comienzos su obra revela la influencia de la detallada pintura romántica de la nat...
[Biography - George Inness - 3Ko]
Джордж Иннесс (1 мая 1825-3 августа 1894) американский художник-пейзажист, родился в Ньюберг, Нью-Йорк, умер на мосту Аллан в Шотландии. Его работы оказали влияние, в свою очередь, что из старых мастеров, реки Гудзон школа, школа Барбизон, и, наконец, богословие Эмануэль Сведенборг, чьи спиритизм обнаружили яркое выражение в работе зрелости Иннесс ...
[Biography - George Inness - 6Ko]
乔治因内斯(5月1,1825年,1894年8月3日)是美国的风景画家在纽堡,纽约出生在苏格兰的艾伦桥死亡。他的工作的影响,反过来,通过的老主人,哈得逊河学校,巴比松画派,以及,最后,由神学伊曼纽尔斯韦登伯格招魂因内斯“成熟的工作中发现的生动体现,其。他最出名的是这些成熟的作品,帮助定义Tonalist运动。 因内斯是第五约翰威廉因内斯,一个农民,和他的妻子克拉丽莎鲍德温十三所生子女。当他5岁,他的家人搬到新泽西州纽瓦克。 1839年,他学习了几个月的巡回画家,约翰杰西巴克。在他的十几岁,因内斯曾在纽约市的地图雕刻。在此期间,他吸引的法国风景画家总是弗朗索瓦Gignoux的注意,与他后来研究。整个中期,19世纪40年代,他还出席了在国家科学院的设计类,并研究了哈得逊河学校艺术家托马斯科尔和阿谢...
[Biography - George Inness - 3Ko]
George Inness (01 de maio de 1825, 03 de agosto de 1894) foi um pintor de paisagens americano, nascido em Newburgh, Nova York morreu em Bridge of Allan, na Escócia. Seu trabalho foi influenciado, por sua vez, pelo que dos velhos mestres, o Hudson River escola, a escola de Barbizon e, finalmente, pela teologia de Emanuel Swedenborg, cujo o espiriti...
[Biography - George Inness - 7Ko]
ジョージイネス(1825年5月1日 - 1894年8月3日)は、アメリカの風景画家であった。ニューバーグ、ニューヨークで生まれ、スコットランドのアランの橋で死亡した。彼の作品は、巨匠、スピリチュアリズムイネス"成熟度の作業で、鮮やかな表現を見つけたエマニュエルスウェデンボルグの神学によって最終的にハドソン川の学校、バルビゾン派、と、、そのことによって、順番に、影響を受けた。彼は最高の調性主義者の動きを定義する助けこれらの成熟した作品で知られています。 イネスは、ジョンウィリアムイネス、農夫、そして彼の妻、クラリッサボールドウィンに生まれたthirteen兄弟の5番だった。彼は年齢の約5年だったときに彼の家族はニューアーク、ニュージャージー州に移住。 1839年に彼は遍歴画家、ジョンジェシーバ...
[Biography - George Inness - 4Ko]
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