|Giovanni Battista Tiepolo (March 5, 1696 – March 27, 1770), also known as Gianbattista or Giambattista Tiepolo, was a Venetian painter and printmaker. He was prolific, and worked not only in the region of Veneto or Venetia, one of Italy's twenty regions, but also in Germany and Spain.|
Early life (1696-1726)
Born in Venice, Tiepolo was the youngest of six children born to Orsetta, Tiepolo's mother and his father, Domenico Tiepolo, a sea captain. While the Tiepolo surname belongs to a patrician family, Giambattista's father did not claim patrician status. The future artist was baptised in his parish church (S. Pietro di Castello) as Giovanni Battista, in honour of his godfather, a Venetian nobleman called Giovanni Battista Dorià. His father Domenico died a year after his birth, leaving Orsetta in difficult financial circumstances.
Giambattista was initially a pupil of Gregorio Lazzarini, but the influences from elder contemporaries such as Sebastiano Ricci and Giovanni Battista Piazzetta are stronger in his work. At 19 years of age, Tiepolo completed his first major commission, the Sacrifice of Isaac (now in the Accademia). He left Lazzarini studio in 1717, and was received into the Fraglia or guild of painters.
In 1719, Tiepolo was married to Maria Cecilia Guardi, sister of two contemporary Venetian painters Francesco and Giovanni Antonio Guardi. Together, Tiepolo and his wife had nine children. Four daughters and three sons survived childhood. Two sons, Domenico and Lorenzo, painted with him as his assistants and achieved some independent recognition. His third son became a priest.
Early mature work (1726-50)
A patrician from the Friulian town of Udine, Dionisio Delfino, commissioned a fresco decoration of the chapel and palace from the young Tiepolo (completed 1726-1728). Tiepolo's first masterpieces in Venice were a cycle of enormous canvases painted to decorate a large reception room of Ca' Dolfin on the Grand Canal of Venice (ca. 1726–1729), depicting ancient battles and triumph.
These early masterpieces, novel for Venetian frescoes in their luminosity, brought him many commissions. He painted canvases for churches such as that of Verolanuova (1735-40), for the Scuola dei Carmini (1740-47), and the Chiesa degli Scalzi (1743-1744; now destroyed) in Cannaregio, a ceiling for the Palazzi Archinto and Casati-Dugnani in Milan (1731), the Colleoni Chapel in Bergamo (1732-1733), a ceiling for the Gesuati (Santa Maria del Rosario) in Venice of St. Dominic Instituting the Rosary (1737-39), Palazzo Clerici, Milan (1740), decorations for Villa Cordellini at Montecchio Maggiore (1743-1744) and for the ballroom of the Palazzo Labia, now a television studio in Venice, showing the Story of Cleopatra (1745-1750).
Tiepolo frescoes the Würzburg Residenz (1750-53)
By 1750, Tiepolo's reputation was firmly established throughout Europe. That year, at the behest of Prince Bishop Karl Philip von Greiffenklau, he traveled to Würzburg where he resided for three years and executed ceiling paintings in the New Residenz palace (completed 1744). His painting for the grandiose Neumann-designed entrance staircase (Treppenhaus) is a massive ceiling fresco at 7287 square feet (677 m²), and was completed in collaboration with his sons, Giandomenico and Lorenzo. His Allegory of the Planets and Continents depicts Apollo embarking on his daily course; deities around him symbolize the planets; allegorical figures (on the cornice) represent the four continents Europe, Asia, Africa and America. He included a self-portrait beside a portrait of his son Giandomenico in the Europe section of this fresco. He also frescoed the Kaisersaal salon.
Return to Venice and Veneto (1753-1770)
Tiepolo returned to Venice in 1753. He was now in demand locally, as well as abroad where he was elected President of the Academy of Padua. He went on to complete theatrical frescoes for churches; the Triumph of Faith for the Chiesa della Pietà; panel frescos for Ca' Rezzonico (which now also holds his ceiling fresco from the Palazzo Barbarigo); and paintings for patrician villas in the Venetian countryside, such as Villa Valmarana in Vicenza and an elaborate panegyric ceiling for the now nearly-vacant Villa Pisani in Stra.
In celebrated frescoes at the Palazzo Labia, he depicted two frescoes on the life of Cleopatra: Meeting of Anthony and Cleopatra and Banquet of Cleopatra, as well as a central ceiling fresco depicts Triumph of Bellerophon over Time. He collaborated with an expert in perspective, Girolamo Mengozzi Colonna. Colonna who also designed sets for opera highlights the increasing tendency towards composition as a staged fiction in his frescoes. The architecture of theBanquet fresco also recalls Veronese's Wedding at Cannae. In 1757, he painted the altar piece commissioned by the family Thiene, the work represents the apotheosis of Saint Cajetan, the altar piece is in the church of hamlet of Rampazzo in the Camisano Vicentino.
Frescoes for the Royal Palace in Madrid
In 1761, Charles III commissioned Tiepolo to create a ceiling fresco to decorate the throne room of the Royal Palace of Madrid. The panegyric theme is the Apotheosis of Spain and has allegorical depictions recalling the dominance of Spain in the Americas and across the globe. In Spain, he incurred the jealousy and the bitter opposition of the rising champion of Neoclassicism, Anton Raphael Mengs.
Tiepolo died in Madrid on March 27, 1770.
After his death, the rise of stern Neoclassicism and the post-revolutionary decline of royal absolutism led to the slow decline of the Tiepolo style, but had failed to dent his reputation. By 1772, Tiepolo's son was sufficiently famous to be documented as painter to Doge Giovanni Cornaro, in charge of the decoration of Palazzo Mocenigo a San Polo.
Giovanni Battista Tiepolo ou Giambattista Tiepolo (en français Jean-Baptiste Tiépolo) (Venise, 5 mars 1696 - Madrid, 27 mars 1770) est un peintre rococo et un graveur italien typique de la circulation des artistes dans l'Europe des Lumières. Ses œuvres sont célèbres à Venise et Bergame, et il finit par s'éloigner de l'académisme. Mari de Maria Ceci...|
Джованни Баттиста Тьеполо (5 марта 1696 - 27 марта 1770), также известный как Gianbattista или Джамбаттиста Тьеполо, был венецианский живописец и гравер. Он был плодовитым, и работал не только в регионе Венето и Венеции, один из двадцати регионов Италии, но и в Германии и Испании. Биография Ранние годы (1696-1726) Родился в Венеции, Тьеполо был мла...|
乔瓦尼巴蒂斯塔Tiepolo（1696年3月5日 - 3月27日，1770年），又称Gianbattista或詹巴蒂斯塔Tiepolo，是威尼斯的画家和版画家。他是一位多产的工作不仅在威尼托威尼斯，意大利的第二十地区之一地区，但也是在德国和西班牙。 传记 早期的生活（1696年至1726年） 出生在威尼斯，Tiepolo Orsetta，Tiepolo的母亲和他的父亲，一个船长，多梅尼科Tiepolo所生的六个孩子中最年轻的。虽然Tiepolo姓属于一个贵族家庭，划算的父亲并没有声称的贵族地位。乔瓦尼巴蒂斯塔在他的教区教堂（S. Pietro酒店DI城堡）的洗礼，以纪念他的教父，未来的艺术家，威尼斯贵族叫乔瓦尼巴蒂斯塔的Doria。他的父亲多梅尼科死了一年，在他出生后，留下的财政困难的情况下...|
Giovanni Battista Tiepolo (5 de março, 1696 - 27 de março de 1770), também conhecido como Gianbattista ou Giambattista Tiepolo, foi um pintor veneziano e gravurista. Ele foi prolífico, e trabalhou não só na região de Veneto ou Venetia, uma das vinte regiões da Itália, mas também na Alemanha e na Espanha. Biografia Primeiros anos de vida (1696-1726)...|
ジョヴァンニバッティスタティエポロ（1696年3月5日 - 1770年3月27日）もGianbattistaまたはジャンバッティスタティエポロとして知られているが、、ヴェネツィアの画家と版画家だった。彼は多作であり、ヴェネトやベネチア、イタリアのtwenty地域の一つの領域内にないだけ働いたが、またドイツとスペインで。 バイオグラフィー 人生の早い段階（1696-1726） ヴェネツィアに生まれ、ティエポロはOrsetta、ティエポロの母と父、ドメニコティエポロ、海の船長に生まれた6人兄弟の末っ子だった。ティエポロの姓は貴族の家族に属している一方で、ジャンバティスタの父親は貴族の地位を主張していない。将来のアーティストが彼のゴッドファーザーにちなんで、ジョヴァンニバッティスタとしての彼の教区...||