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Portfolio >> Jacques-Louis David

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  • Jacques-Louis David - Napoleon in his Study
  • Jacques-Louis David - The Death of Seneca
  • Jacques-Louis David - The Lictors Returning to Brutus the Bodies of his Sons
  • Jacques-Louis David - The Oath of the Horatii
  • Jacques-Louis David - The Death of Marat
  • Jacques-Louis David - Madame Récamier
  • Jacques-Louis David - Leonidas at Thermopylae
  • Jacques-Louis David - Mars Disarmed by Venus and the Three Graces
  • Jacques-Louis David - Consecration of the Emperor Napoleon I and Coronation of the Empress Josephine
  • Jacques-Louis David - St Roch Asking the Virgin Mary to Heal Victims of the Plague
  • Jacques-Louis David - Portrait of Madame Adélaide Pastoret
  • Jacques-Louis David - The Intervention of the Sabine Women
  • Jacques-Louis David - Cupid and Psyche
  • Jacques-Louis David - Portrait of the Artist
  • Jacques-Louis David - Sappho and Phaon
  • Jacques-Louis David - The Loves of Paris and Helen
  • Jacques-Louis David - Belisarius Receiving Alms
  • Jacques-Louis David - Portrait of Pierre Sériziat
  • Jacques-Louis David - Laure-Emilie-Felicite David, La Baronne Meunier
  • Jacques-Louis David - Portrait of Jacques-François Desmaisons
  • Jacques-Louis David - Portrait of the Comtesse Vilain XIIII and her Daughter
  • Jacques-Louis David - Portrait of Pope Pius VII
  • Jacques-Louis David - Antiochus and Stratonica
  • Jacques-Louis David - The Oath of the Tennis Court
  • Jacques-Louis David - The Combat of Mars and Minerva
  • Jacques-Louis David - Jacobus Blauw
  • Jacques-Louis David - The Death of Bara
All 102 Artworks from Jacques-Louis David

 Jacques-Louis David
David was one of the most illustrious painters of the late 17th and early 18th centuries. He lived during a turbulent time in France, living through the French Revolution and then Napoleon’s rise to power. But David stayed strong during it all, defeating all the odds of loosing favor as factions changed and opinions were swayed. In fact, during the time of the French Revolution, David sided not with those loyal to king, something that would have made sense given that those who often pay commission paintings, altar pieces and other works of art are those with so much extra money readily at their disposal. But David’s revolutionary tendencies can be seen in his work.
[Page - Jacques-Louis David - 4Ko]

Jacques-Louis David (30 August 1748 – 29 December 1825) was a highly influential French painter in the Neoclassical style, considered to be the preeminent painter of the era. In the 1780s his cerebral brand of history painting marked a change in taste away from Rococo frivolity toward a classical austerity and severity, heightened feeling chiming with the moral climate of the final years of the ancien régime.

David later became an active supporter of the French Revolution and friend of Maximilien Robespierre (1758-1794), and was effectively a dictator of the arts under the French Republic. Imprisoned after Robespierre's fall from power, he aligned himself with yet another political regime upon his release, that of Napoleon I. It was at this time that he developed his 'Empire style', notable for its use of warm Venetian colours. David had a huge number of pupils, making him the strongest influence in French art of the early 19th century, especially academic Salon painting.

Early life

Jacques-Louis David was born into a prosperous family in Paris on 30 August 1748. When he was about nine his father was killed in a duel and his mother left him with his prosperous architect uncles. They saw to it that he received an excellent education at the Collège des Quatre-Nations, but he was never a good student: he had a facial tumor that impeded his speech, and he was always preoccupied with drawing. He covered his notebooks with drawings, and he once said, "I was always hiding behind the instructor’s chair, drawing for the duration of the class". Soon, he desired to be a painter, but his uncles and mother wanted him to be an architect. He overcame the opposition, and went to learn from François Boucher (1703–1770), the leading painter of the time, who was also a distant relative. Boucher was a Rococo painter, but tastes were changing, and the fashion for Rococo was giving way to a more classical style. Boucher decided that instead of taking over David’s tutelage, he would send David to his friend Joseph-Marie Vien (1716–1809), painter who embraced the classical reaction to Rococo. There David attended the Royal Academy, based in what is now the Louvre.

David attempted to win the Prix de Rome, an art scholarship to the French Academy in Rome, four times between 1770 and 1774; once, he lost according to legend because he had not consulted Vien, one of the judges. Another time, he lost because a few other students had been competing for years, and Vien felt David's education could wait for these other mediocre painters. In protest, he attempted to starve himself to death. Finally, in 1774, David won the Prix de Rome. Normally, he would have had to attend another school before attending the Academy in Rome, but Vien's influence kept him out of it. He went to Italy with Vien in 1775, as Vien had been appointed director of the French Academy at Rome. While in Italy, David observed the Italian masterpieces and the ruins of ancient Rome. David filled twelve sketchbooks with material that he would derive from for the rest of his life. He met the influential early neoclassical painter Raphael Mengs (1728-1779), and through Mengs was introduced to the pathbreaking theories of art historian Johann Joachim Winckelmann (1717-1768). While in Rome, he studied great masters, and came to favor above all others Raphael. In 1779, David was able to see the ruins of Pompeii, and was filled with wonder. After this, he sought to revolutionize the art world with the "eternal" concepts of classicism.

[Biography - Jacques-Louis David - 5Ko]
Jacques-Louis David, peintre français né le 30 août 1748 à Paris et mort le 29 décembre 1825 à Bruxelles, est considéré comme le chef de file de l’École néoclassique, dont il incarne le style pictural et l’option intellectuelle . Il opère une rupture avec le style galant et libertin de la peinture du XVIIIe siècle représentée à l'époque par Françoi...
[Biography - Jacques-Louis David - 7Ko]