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Portfolio >> Jean-Louis Ernest Meissonier

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  • Jean-Louis Ernest Meissonier - Joan of Arc
  • Jean-Louis Ernest Meissonier - On a Terrace
  • Jean-Louis Ernest Meissonier - A Man of weapons and his horse
  • Jean-Louis Ernest Meissonier - Officer
  • Jean-Louis Ernest Meissonier - The battle of Friedland. 1807
  • Jean-Louis Ernest Meissonier - Self­Portrait Along The Route De La Salice, Antibes
  • Jean-Louis Ernest Meissonier - The Guide
  • Jean-Louis Ernest Meissonier - Sketch of the horse of the Emperor Napoleon to the table in October 1806
  • Jean-Louis Ernest Meissonier - General Desaix and the Peasant
  • Jean-Louis Ernest Meissonier - Portrait of Madame Sabatier, holding a small green umbrella
  • Jean-Louis Ernest Meissonier - Napoleon and his Staff
  • Jean-Louis Ernest Meissonier - The Siege of Paris
  • Jean-Louis Ernest Meissonier - Young Man with a Book
  • Jean-Louis Ernest Meissonier - A study of a bridled horse
  • Jean-Louis Ernest Meissonier - Study of a hand with book
  • Jean-Louis Ernest Meissonier - The Painter in his Studio
  • Jean-Louis Ernest Meissonier - Lovers of painting
  • Jean-Louis Ernest Meissonier - Study of a horse
  • Jean-Louis Ernest Meissonier - A game of chess
  • Jean-Louis Ernest Meissonier - A General and His Aide-de-camp
  • Jean-Louis Ernest Meissonier - A gentleman descending the stairs
  • Jean-Louis Ernest Meissonier - Gentleman with a pipe
  • Jean-Louis Ernest Meissonier - The Sleep of the bailiff
  • Jean-Louis Ernest Meissonier - The target reader
  • Jean-Louis Ernest Meissonier - Horseman
  • Jean-Louis Ernest Meissonier - Self-portrait
  • Jean-Louis Ernest Meissonier - An Abbé
 
All 111 Artworks from Jean-Louis Ernest Meissonier





Jean-Louis Ernest Meissonier (21 February 1815 – 31 January 1891) was a French Classicist painter and  sculptor famous for his depictions of Napoleon, his armies and military themes. He documented sieges and  manoeuvres and was the teacher of Édouard Detaille.

Ernest Meissonier was born at Lyon. From his schooldays he showed a taste for painting, to which some early  sketches, dated 1823, bear witness. After being placed with a druggist, he obtained leave from his parents  to become an artist, and, owing to the recommendation of a painter named Potier, himself a second class Prix  de Rome, he was admitted to Léon Cogniet's studio. He also formed his style after the Dutch masters as  represented in the Louvre.

He paid short visits to Rome and to Switzerland, and exhibited in the Salon of 1831 a painting then called  Les Bourgeois Flamands (Dutch Burghers), but also known as The Visit to the Burgomaster, subsequently  purchased by Sir Richard Wallace, in whose collection (at Hertford House, London) it is, with fifteen other  examples of this painter. It was the first attempt in France in the particular genre which was destined to  make Meissonier famous: microscopic painting miniature in oils. Working hard for daily bread at  illustrations for the publishers Curmer, Hetzel and Dubocherhe, Meissonier also exhibited at the Salon of  1836 with Chess Player and the Errand Boy.

After some not very happy attempts at religious painting, he returned, under the influence of Chenavard, to  the class of work he was born to excel in, and exhibited with much success the Game of Chess (1841), the  Young Man playing the 'Cello (1842), Painter in his Studio (1843), The Guard Room, the Young Man looking at  Drawings, the Game of Piquet (1845), and the Game of Bowls, works which show the finish and certainty of his  technique, and assured his success.

After his Soldiers (1848) he began A Day in June, which was never finished, and exhibited A Smoker (1849)  and Bravos (Les Bravi, 1852). In 1855 he touched the highest mark of his achievement with The Gamblers and  The Quarrel (La Rixe), which was presented by Napoleon III to the English Court. His triumph was sustained  at the Salon of 1857, when he exhibited nine pictures, and drawings; among them the Young Man of the Time of  the Regency, The Painter, The Shoeing Smith, The Musician, and A Reading at Diderot's. To the Salon of 1861  he sent The Emperor at Solferino, A Shoeing Smith, A Musician, A Painter, and M. Louis Fould; to that of  1864 another version of The Emperor at Solferino, and 1814. He subsequently exhibited A Gamblers' Quarrel  (1865) and Desaix and the Army of the Rhine (1867).

Meissonier worked with elaborate care and a scrupulous observation of nature. Some of his works, as for  instance his 1807, remained ten years in course of execution. To the great Exhibition of 1878 he contributed  sixteen pictures: the portrait of Alexandre Dumas, fils which had been seen at the Salon of 1877,  Cuirassiers of 1805, A Venetian Painter, Moreau and his Staff before Hohenlinden, a Portrait of a Lady, the  Road to La Salice, The Two Friends, The Outpost of the Grand Guard, A Scout, and Dictating his Memoirs.  Thenceforward he exhibited less in the Salons, and sent his work to smaller exhibitions. Being chosen  president of the Great National Exhibition in 1883, he was represented there by such works as The Pioneer,  The Army of the Rhine, The Arrival of the Guests, and Saint Mark.

On the 24th of May 1884 an exhibition was opened at the Petit Gallery of Meissonier's collected works,  including 146 examples. As president of the jury on painting at the Exhibition of 1889 he contributed some  new pictures. In the following year the New Salon was formed (the Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts), and  Meissonier became its president. He exhibited there in 1890 his painting 1807; and in 1891, shortly after  his death, his Barricade was displayed there.

A less well-known class of work than his painting is a series of etchings: The Last Supper, The Skill of  Vuillaume the Lute Player, The Little Smoker, The Old Smoker, the Preparations for a Duel, Anglers,  Troopers, The Reporting Sergeant, and Polichinelle, in the Hertford House collection. He also tried  lithography, but the prints are now scarcely to be found. Of all the painters of the century, Meissonier was  one of the most fortunate in the matter of payments. His Cuirassiers, now in the late duc d'Aumale's  collection at Chantilly, was bought from the artist for £10,000, sold at Brussels for £11,000, and finally  resold for £16,000.

Besides his genre portraits, he painted some others: those of Doctor Lefevre, of Chenavard, of Vanderbilt,  of Doctor Guyon, and of Stanford. He also collaborated with the painter Français in a picture of The Park at  St Cloud.

In 1838 Meissonier married the sister of M. Steinheil, a painter. Meissonier was attached by Napoleon III to  the imperial staff, and accompanied him during the campaign in Italy at the beginning of the war in 1870.  During the siege of Paris in 1871 he was colonel of a regiment de marche, one of the improvised units thrown  up in the chaos of the Franco-Prussian war. In 1840 he was awarded a third-class medal, a second-class medal  in 1841, first-class medals in 1843 and 1844 and medals of honour at the great exhibitions. In 1846 he was  appointed knight of the Légion d'honneur and promoted to the higher grades in 1856, 1867 (June 29), and 1880  (July 12), receiving the Grand Cross in 1889 (October 29).

He nevertheless cherished certain ambitions which remained unfulfilled. He hoped to become a professor at  the École des Beaux-Arts, but the appointment he desired was never given to him. He also aspired to be  chosen deputy or made senator, but he was not elected. In 1861 he succeeded Abel de Pujol as member of the  Academy of Fine Arts. On the occasion of the centenary festival in honour of Michelangelo in 1875 he was the  delegate of the Institute of France to Florence, and spoke as its representative. Meissonier was an  admirable draughtsman upon wood, his illustrations to Les Conies Rémois (engraved by Lavoignat), to  Lamartine's Fall of an Angel to Paul and Virginia, and to The French Painted by Themselves being among the  best known. The leading engravers and etchers of France have been engaged upon plates from the works of  Meissonier, and many of these plates command the highest esteem of collectors. Meissonier died in Paris on  the 31st of January 1891.

When the Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts was re-vitalized, in 1890, Ernest Meissonier was elected its first  chairman, but he died soon; his successor was Puvis de Chavannes. The vice-president was Auguste Rodin.

His son, Jean Charles Meissonier, also a painter, was his father's pupil, and was admitted to the Légion  d'honneur in 1889.
[Biography - Jean-Louis Ernest Meissonier - 8Ko]
Jean-Louis Ernest Meissonier (21 Février 1815 à 1831 Janvier 1891) était un peintre du classicisme français et sculpteur célèbre pour ses représentations de Napoléon, ses armées et des thèmes militaires. Il a documenté les sièges et les manoeuvres et fut le professeur d'édouard Detaille. Ernest Meissonier est né à Lyon. De sa scolarité, il a montré...
[Biography - Jean-Louis Ernest Meissonier - 10Ko]
Jean-Louis Ernest Meissonier (21. Februar 1815 - 31. Januar 1891) war ein Französisch klassizistische Maler und Bildhauer berühmt für seine Darstellungen von Napoleon, seine Armeen und militärischen Themen. Er dokumentierte Belagerungen und Manöver und war der Lehrer von édouard Detaille. Ernest Meissonier bei Lyon geboren. Von seiner Schulzeit zei...
[Biography - Jean-Louis Ernest Meissonier - 9Ko]
Jean-Louis Ernest Meissonier (21 febbraio 1815 - 31 gennaio 1891) è stato un pittore e scultore classicista francese famoso per le sue raffigurazioni di Napoleone, le sue armate e temi militari. Ha documentato assedi e manovre ed è stato il maestro di édouard Detaille. Ernest Meissonier è nato a Lione. Dalla sua scuola ha mostrato un gusto per la p...
[Biography - Jean-Louis Ernest Meissonier - 8Ko]
Jean-Louis Ernest Meissonier (2 21ro, 1815 hasta enero 31, 1891) fue un pintor clasicista y escultor francés famoso por sus retratos de Napoleón, sus ejércitos y temas militares. él documentó los sitios y las maniobras y fue el maestro de édouard Detaille. Ernest Meissonier nació en Lyon. Desde sus años escolares mostró un gusto por la pintura, a l...
[Biography - Jean-Louis Ernest Meissonier - 9Ko]
Жан-Луи Эрнест Meissonier (21 февраля 1815 - 31 января 1891), французский живописец и скульптор классицизма известный своими изображениями Наполеона, его армии и военной темы. Он документально осад и маневров и был учителем Эдуардом Детай. Эрнест Meissonier родился в Лионе. Из его школьных он показал, вкус к живописи, к которой некоторые ранние наб...
[Biography - Jean-Louis Ernest Meissonier - 8Ko]
让 - 路易欧内斯特Meissonier(1815年2月21日 - 1891年1月31日)是法国古典主义为他描绘了拿破仑,他的军队和军事题材的著名画家和雕塑家。他记录了围困和演习,是爱德华Detaille老师。 欧内斯特Meissonier出生于里昂。从他的学生时代,他表现出对绘画的味道,一些早期的草图,日期为1823年,见证。被放在一个药剂师后,他获得了离开他的父母,成为一名艺术家,并且,由于名为保梯的画家的建议,自己一个二等罗马大奖,他承认对莱昂Cogniet的工作室。在卢浮宫为代表的荷兰大师后,他也形成了自己的风格。 他支付了短期访问罗马和瑞士,并在沙龙展出的1831年一幅画然后叫LES(荷兰文义民)资产阶级Flamands,但又称访问的镇长,后来由理查德华莱士爵士购买,在其收集(赫特...
[Biography - Jean-Louis Ernest Meissonier - 4Ko]
Jean-Louis Ernest Meissonier (21 de fevereiro, 1815 - 31 de Janeiro de 1891) foi um pintor neoclássico francês e escultor famoso por suas representações de Napoleão, seus exércitos e temas militares. Ele documentou cercos e manobras e foi o professor de édouard Detaille. Ernest Meissonier nasceu em Lyon. De seu de escola, ele mostrou o gosto pela p...
[Biography - Jean-Louis Ernest Meissonier - 9Ko]
ジャン=ルイアーネストメソニエ(1815年2月21日 - 1891年1月31日)は、ナポレオンの彼の描写、彼の軍隊と軍隊のテーマのためのフランス古典主義の画家や彫刻家は有名だった。彼は包囲して操縦を文書化し、エドゥアールデタイユの教師だった。 アーネストメソニエはリヨンで生まれた。彼の学生時代から彼は、1823年いくつかの初期のスケッチ、これに、クマの目撃者の絵の味を示した。薬剤師に配置されて後、彼はによりPotierという名前の画家の勧告に、アーティストになるために彼の両親から離れる得、そして、彼自身番目のクラスローマ大賞、彼はレオンCognietのスタジオに入院した。ルーヴル美術館に代表される彼はまた、オランダの巨匠の後に彼のスタイルを形成した。 彼はローマへとスイスへの短期訪問を支払い...
[Biography - Jean-Louis Ernest Meissonier - 4Ko]
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