|José Gutiérrez Solana (Madrid, 1886 - ibid. June 24, 1945) was a painter, engraver and writer Spanish expressionist closely related to the town of Arredondo, Cantabria.|
His father, Joseph Teresa Gutierrez-Solana, was born in Mexico and came to Spain, thanks to an inheritance. He married Manuela Josefa Gutiérrez-Solana.
He studied at the Escuela de Bellas Artes de San Fernando, then stays alternated between Cantabria and Madrid, but had time to travel through towns and even to be a pawn of the gang Bombé torero, but lived comfortably with his father's money. We finally settled in Madrid in late 1917. There frequents the outskirts of all, attending dances, picnic areas and suburban museums Paseo del Prado, as the (then) lonely and dilapidated National Archaeological Museum. It is accompanied by his inseparable brother Manuel, who is a singer.
Solana creates a style, nothing academic or inclined to the avant-garde, though often intellectuals gathered at the Pombo talk show whose host and friend Ramon Gomez de la Serna wrote an entire book, which corresponded to the painter with his My friends box (1920), where he paints such a gathering around a table (Reina Sofia Museum in Madrid). Ramon Solana met in the exhibition that this did in the Círculo de Bellas Artes in January 1907.
Gutiérrez Solana made his first exhibition in Paris (1928), which proved a failure. In another that went Alfonso XIII, his paintings were hung behind a door so do not bother the king. But in 1936, when Civil War began, Solana is known and recognized in and outside Spain. He moved to Valencia and then to Paris, where he published Paris (1938). In 1939 he returned to Madrid, where he died the day of San Juan on June 24, 1945.
His painting reflects like Darius Regoyos and Ignacio Zuloaga, a subjective, pessimistic and degraded in Spain similar to that of the Generation of 98.
Outside of the influence it exerted tenebrism Baroque painters, including Juan de Valdés Leal, both for its grim subject matter and disappointed as the defendant chiaroscuro compositions, it is clear the influence of the Black Paintings of Francisco de Goya or Eugenio Lucas romantic. His painting is Feist and highlights the misery of a sordid and grotesque Spain, using a touch dense and thick lines in the formation of their figures. His palette highlights the gloomy darkness of a Spain divided into three topics: festivals (The Burial of the Sardine), uses and customs of Spain (The visit of the bishop) and portraits (1920, My Friends).
His painting, loads of great social, tries to reflect the atmosphere of rural Spain more degraded, so that the environments and scenes of his paintings are always appalling slums, windows with mannequins or traces worthy of Valle-Inclán (for which they felt special preference), taverns, "sleeping houses" and poor eaters, dances, bullfights, chorus and couplet singers, fishing ports, crucifixions, processions, carnivals, giants, gatherings of pharmacy or vestry, carts of meat, hungry horse, blind of romance, "asylees deformed, crippled, brothels, offices crammed with objects, boxing rings, executions and mass graves.
Work also recorded, usually by etching, insisting on direct technical and rather rough, thick strokes. Except some rare exceptions, the designs repeat earlier paintings. Just published an edition in life, the most important shot was issued in 1963, prior to the cancellation and deposit of the planks in the National Engraving (under the Academy of San Fernando).
As a writer has a similar style, descriptive qualities of large, vigorous and energetic, appropriate for the picture of manners. Hence most of his works are travel books. His most important writings are Madrid: scenes and customs (1913 and 1918, two vols.), The black Spain (1920), Madrid Street (1923) and two villages of Castilla (1925). He also wrote a novel, Florencio Cornejo, in 1926.
Sometimes used photographs of others, as a model for his paintings. The clearest example is found in his work entitled "Café singer", it copies almost verbatim the frame and part of the characters in the famous photograph titled "Café singer" Emilio Beauchy, taken circa 1885 in Seville.
José Gutiérrez Solana (Madrid, 1886 -. Ibid Juin 24, 1945) était un peintre, graveur et écrivain espagnol expressionniste étroitement liée à la ville de Arredondo, de la Cantabrie. Son père, Joseph-Teresa Gutierrez Solana, est né au Mexique et est arrivé en Espagne, grâce à un héritage. Il a épousé Manuela Josefa Gutiérrez-Solana. Il a étudié à la ...|
José Gutiérrez Solana (Madrid, 1886 -. Ebd. 24. Juni 1945) war ein Maler, Kupferstecher und Schriftsteller spanischer expressionistischen eng mit der Stadt Arredondo, Kantabrien verwandt. Sein Vater, Joseph Teresa Gutierrez-Solana, wurde in Mexiko geboren und kam nach Spanien, dank einer Erbschaft. Er heiratete Manuela Josefa Gutiérrez-Solana. Er s...|
José Gutiérrez Solana (Madrid, 1886 -. Ibidem 24 giugno 1945) è stato un incisore, pittore e scrittore espressionista spagnolo strettamente legata alla città di Arredondo, Cantabria. Suo padre, Joseph-Teresa Gutierrez Solana, è nato in Messico e arrivato in Spagna, grazie ad una eredità. Ha sposato Manuela Josefa Gutiérrez-Solana. Ha studiato press...|
José Gutiérrez Solana (Madrid, 1886 - ibíd. 24 de junio de 1945) fue un pintor, grabador y escritor expresionista español estrechamente relacionado con la localidad de Arredondo, en Cantabria. Su padre, José Tereso Gutiérrez-Solana, nació en México y vino a España gracias a una herencia. Se casó con Manuela Josefa Gutiérrez-Solana. Estudió en la Es...||