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  • Peter Paul Rubens - Henry IV Receives the Portrait
  • Peter Paul Rubens - The Birth of Louis XIII
  • Peter Paul Rubens - The Landing at Marseilles
  • Peter Paul Rubens - Marie's Education
  • Peter Paul Rubens - The Exchange of Princesses
  • Peter Paul Rubens - The Treaty of Angoulême
  • Peter Paul Rubens - The Meeting at Lyons
  • Peter Paul Rubens - The Felicity of the Regency of Marie de' Medici
  • Peter Paul Rubens - The Marriage
  • Peter Paul Rubens - The Regent Militant: The Victory at Jülich
  • Peter Paul Rubens - The Queen Opts for Security
  • Peter Paul Rubens - The Queen's Reconciliation with Her Son
  • Peter Paul Rubens - Hippopotamus and Crocodile Hunt
  • Peter Paul Rubens - The Assumption of the Virgin
  • Peter Paul Rubens - The Destiny of Marie de' Medici
  • Peter Paul Rubens - Apotheosis of Henry IV
  • Peter Paul Rubens - Coronation of Marie de' Medici
  • Peter Paul Rubens - The Flight from Blois
  • Peter Paul Rubens - Institution of the Regency
  • Peter Paul Rubens - The Council of the Gods
  • Peter Paul Rubens - Portrait of Marie de' Medici
  • Peter Paul Rubens - Rubens and Isabella Brant in the Bower of Honeysuckle
  • Peter Paul Rubens - The Birth of Marie de' Medici
  • Peter Paul Rubens - Perseus Liberating Andromeda
  • Peter Paul Rubens - The Judgment of Paris
  • Peter Paul Rubens - The Three Graces
  • Peter Paul Rubens - Fall of the Rebel Angels
  • Peter Paul Rubens - Temple of Janus
All 110 Artworks from Peter Paul Rubens

 Peter Paul Rubens
Rubens was born in Germany where he lived throughout his childhood and teen years. After finally deciding on fully pursuing a career in the arts, Rubens joined the painter’s guild, a long and arduous process that one only undertook if they were absolutely positive they wanted to make a lifetime career of whatever craft they entered a guild of. Eventually Rubens traveled to Italy and took a post the court of the duke of Mantua. It was a cushiony job consisting mostly of copying the paintings of other great artists, giving Rubens the opportunity to study and learn from the great artists of both the past and his own time. It is surprising to think of how much time Rubens spent abroad when he is so synonymous with Flemish art. But eventually Rubens returned to Germany and took on many commissions for unique, original works.
[Page - Peter Paul Rubens - 4Ko]

The Flemish baroque painter Peter Paul Rubens, b. June 28, 1577, d. May 30, 1640 was the most renowned northern European artist of his day, and is now widely recognized as one of the foremost painters in Western art history.

By completing the fusion of the realistic tradition of Flemish painting with the imaginative freedom and classical themes of Italian Renaissance painting, he fundamentally revitalized and redirected northern European painting.

Rubens's upbringing mirrored the intense religious strife of his age--a fact that was to be of crucial importance in his artistic career. His father, an ardently Calvinist Antwerp lawyer, fled in 1568 to Germany to escape religious persecution, but after his death (1587) the family moved back to Antwerp, where Peter Paul was raised a Roman Catholic and received his early training as an artist and a courtier. By the age of 21 he was a master painter whose aesthetic and religious outlook led him to look to Italy as the place to complete his education. Upon arriving (1600) in Venice, he fell under the spell of the radiant color and majestic forms of Titian, whose work had a formative influence on Rubens's mature style. During Rubens's 8 years (1600-08) as court painter to the duke of Mantua, he assimilated the lessons of the other Italian Renaissance masters and made (1603) a journey to Spain that had a profound impact on the development of Spanish baroque art. He also spent a considerable amount of time in Rome, where he painted altarpieces for the churches of Santa Croce di Gerusalemme (1602; now in Hopital du Petit-Paris, Grasse, France) and the Chiesa Nuova (1607; now in Musee de Peinture et Sculpture, Grenoble, France), his first widely acknowledged masterpieces. His reputation established, Rubens returned (1608) to Antwerp following the death of his mother and quickly became the dominant artistic figure in the Spanish Netherlands.

In the mature phase of his career, Rubens either executed personally or supervised the execution of an enormous body of works that spanned all areas of painting and drawing. A devout Roman Catholic, he imbued his many religious paintings with the emotional tenor of the Counter-Reformation. This aggressively religious stance, along with his deep involvement in public affairs, lent Rubens's work a conservative and public cast that contrasts sharply with the more private and secular paintings of his great Dutch contemporary, Rembrandt. But if his roots lay in Italian classical art and in Roman Catholic dogma, Rubens avoided sterile repetition of academic forms by injecting into his works a lusty exuberance and almost frenetic energy. Glowing color and light that flickers across limbs and draperies infuse spiraling compositions such as The Descent from the Cross (1611; Antwerp Cathedral) with a characteristically baroque sense of movement and tactile strength.

A love of monumental forms and dynamic effects is most readily apparent in the vast decorative schemes he executed in the 1620s, including the famous 21-painting cycle (1622-25; Louvre, Paris), chronicling the life of Marie de Medicis, originally painted for the Luxembourg Palace. In order to complete these huge commissions, Rubens set up a studio along the lines of Italian painters' workshops, in which fully qualified artists executed paintings from the master's sketches. Rubens's personal contribution to the over 2,000 works produced by this studio varied considerably from work to work. Among his most famous assistants were Anthony van Dyck and Frans SNYDERS.

Rubens's phenomenal productivity was interrupted from time to time by diplomatic duties given him by his royal patrons, Archduke Ferdinand and Archduchess Isabella, for whom he conducted (1625) negotiations aimed at ending the war between the Spanish Netherlands and the Dutch Republic and helped conclude (1629-30) a peace treaty between England and Spain. Charles I of England was so impressed with Rubens's efforts that he knighted the Flemish painter and commissioned his only surviving ceiling painting, The Allegory of War and Peace (1629; Banqueting House, Whitehall Palace, London).

During the final decade of his life, Rubens turned more and more to portraits, genre scenes, and landscapes. These later works, such as Landscape with the Chateau of Steen (1636; National Gallery, London), lack the turbulent drama of his earlier paintings but reflect a masterful command of detail and an unflagging technical skill. Despite recurring attacks of arthritis, he remained an unusually prolific artist throughout his last years, which were spent largely at his estate, Chateau de Steen.

[Biography - Peter Paul Rubens - 6Ko]
Un tapissier, Jean Rubens, échevin d'Anvers, suspect de calvinisme, était parti pour Cologne en 1568 avec sa femme, Maria Pypelinex, après l'exécution, des comtes d.'Egmont et de Hornes. Il eut là l'occasion d'assister, comme juriste, la femme de Guillaume le Taciturne.......... Article de L. Durand-Gréville publié dans La grande encyclopédie (1885...
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