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  • Pieter Bruegel The Elder - Netherlandish Proverbs
  • Pieter Bruegel The Elder - The Hunters in the Snow (January)
  • Pieter Bruegel The Elder - The Land of Cockaigne
  • Pieter Bruegel The Elder - The Triumph of Death
  • Pieter Bruegel The Elder - The Tower of Babel
  • Pieter Bruegel The Elder - The Little Tower of Babel
  • Pieter Bruegel The Elder - Magpie on the Gallow
  • Pieter Bruegel The Elder - The Return of the Herd (November)
  • Pieter Bruegel The Elder - Landscape with the Fall of Icarus1
  • Pieter Bruegel The Elder - Summer
  • Pieter Bruegel The Elder - Peasant Wedding
  • Pieter Bruegel The Elder - The Resurrection of Christ
  • Pieter Bruegel The Elder - The Parable of the Blind Leading the Blind
  • Pieter Bruegel The Elder - Christ and the Woman Taken in Adultery
  • Pieter Bruegel The Elder - The Corn Harvest (August)
  • Pieter Bruegel The Elder - Twelve Proverbs
  • Pieter Bruegel The Elder - The Beggars
  • Pieter Bruegel The Elder - Landscape with Christ Appearing to the Apostles at the Sea of Tiberias
  • Pieter Bruegel The Elder - Gloomy Day (February)
  • Pieter Bruegel The Elder - Winter Landscape with Skaters and Bird Trap
  • Pieter Bruegel The Elder - Adoration of the Kings in the Snow
  • Pieter Bruegel The Elder - Christ Carrying the Cross
  • Pieter Bruegel The Elder - The Fair at Hoboken
  • Pieter Bruegel The Elder - The Misanthrope
  • Pieter Bruegel The Elder - The Crafty Bird Catcher (Insidiosus auceps)
  • Pieter Bruegel The Elder - Wooded Region (Pagus nemorosus)
  • Pieter Bruegel The Elder - The Peasant and the Birdnester
All 77 Artworks from Pieter Bruegel The Elder

Pieter Bruegel (Brueghel) the Elder (c. 1525 – 9 September 1569) was a Flemish renaissance painter and printmaker known for his landscapes and peasant scenes (so called genre painting). He is sometimes referred to as the "Peasant Bruegel" to distinguish him from other members of the Brueghel dynasty, but he is also the one generally meant when the context does not make clear which Brueghel is being referred to. From 1559 he dropped the 'h' from his name and signed his paintings as Bruegel.

According to some sources he was born in Breugel near the (now Dutch) town of Breda. There are however also records that he was born in Breda, and there is some uncertainty whether the (now Belgian) town of Bree, called Breda in Latin, is meant. He was an apprentice of Pieter Coecke van Aelst, whose daughter Mayken he later married. He spent some time in France and Italy, and then went to Antwerp, where in 1551 he was accepted as a master in the painter's guild. He traveled to Italy soon after, and then returned to Antwerp before settling in Brussels permanently 10 years later.

He received the nickname 'Peasant Bruegel' or 'Bruegel the Peasant' for his alleged practice of dressing up like a peasant in order to mingle at weddings and other celebrations, thereby gaining inspiration and authentic details for his genre paintings. He died in Brussels on 9 September 1569 and was buried in the Kapellekerk. He was the father of Pieter Brueghel the Younger and Jan Brueghel the Elder. Both became painters, but as they were very young children when their father died, it is believed neither received any training from him. According to Carel van Mander, it is likely that they were instructed by their grandmother Mayken Verhulst van Aelst, who was also an artist.

In Bruegel's later years he painted in a simpler style than the Italianate art that prevailed in his time. The most obvious influence on his art is the older Dutch master Hieronymus Bosch, particularly in Bruegel's early "demonological" paintings such as The Triumph of Death and Dulle Griet (Mad Meg). It was in nature, however, that he found his greatest inspiration as he is identified as being a master of landscapes. It was in these landscapes that Bruegel created a story, seeming to combine several scenes in one painting. Such works can be seen in The Fall of the Rebel Angels and the previously mentioned The Triumph of Death.

Bruegel specialized in genre paintings populated by peasants, often with a large landscape element, but also painted religious works. Making the life and manners of peasants the main focus of a work was rare in painting in Brueghel's time, and he was a pioneer of the Netherlandish genre painting. His earthy, unsentimental but vivid depiction of the rituals of village life—including agriculture, hunts, meals, festivals, dances, and games—are unique windows on a vanished folk culture and a prime source of iconographic evidence about both physical and social aspects of 16th century life. For example, the painting Netherlandish Proverbs illustrates dozens of then-contemporary aphorisms (many of them still in use in current Dutch or Flemish), and Children's Games shows the variety of amusements enjoyed by young people. His winter landscapes of 1565 (e.g. Hunters in the Snow) are taken as corroborative evidence of the severity of winters during the Little Ice Age.

Using abundant spirit and comic power, he created some of the early images of acute social protest in art history. Examples include paintings such as The Fight Between Carnival and Lent (a satire of the conflicts of the Reformation) and engravings like The Ass in the School and Strongboxes Battling Piggybanks. On his deathbed he reportedly ordered his wife to burn the most subversive of his drawings to protect his family from political persecution.

His painting Landscape with the Fall of Icarus is the subject of the poem "Musée des Beaux Arts" by W.H. Auden, and also of a poem by William Carlos Williams that also uses Bruegel's title.

Russian film director Andrei Tarkovksy referenced Bruegel's paintings in his films several times, notably in Solaris and The Mirror.

His 1564 painting "The Procession to Calvary" inspired a 2011 film, "The Mill and the Cross", in which Bruegel is played by Rutger Hauer.
[Biography - Pieter Bruegel The Elder - 6Ko]
Pieter Bruegel (Brueghel) l'Ancien (c. 1525-9 Septembre 1569) était un peintre de la Renaissance flamande et graveur connu pour ses paysages et ses scènes paysannes (la peinture de genre que l'on appelle). Il est parfois appelé le «Bruegel paysanne" pour le distinguer des autres membres de la dynastie Brueghel, mais il est aussi celui signifiait gé...
[Biography - Pieter Bruegel the Elder - 7Ko]
Pieter Bruegel (Brueghel) der ältere (1525 - 9. September 1569) war ein flämischer Renaissance-Maler und Grafiker für seine Landschaften und ländlichen Szenen (so genannte Genremalerei) bekannt. Er wird manchmal als der "Bauer Bruegel", um ihn von anderen Mitgliedern der Brueghel-Dynastie zu unterscheiden genannt, aber er ist auch derjenige in der ...
[Biography - Pieter Bruegel the Elder - 6Ko]
Pieter Bruegel (Bruegel) il Vecchio (c. 1525 - 9 settembre 1569) è stato un pittore e incisore del Rinascimento fiammingo conosciuto per i suoi paesaggi e scene contadine (cosiddetta pittura di genere). Egli è a volte indicato come il "contadino Bruegel" per distinguerlo dagli altri membri della dinastia dei Brueghel, ma è anche quella generalmente...
[Biography - Pieter Bruegel the Elder - 6Ko]
Pieter Bruegel (Brueghel) el Viejo (c. 1525 - 9 de septiembre 1569) fue un pintor renacentista flamenco y artista gráfico conocido por sus paisajes y escenas campesinas (pintura llamada género). A veces se le conoce como el "Bruegel campesino" para distinguirlo de los demás miembros de la dinastía Brueghel, pero también es la que generalmente se en...
[Biography - Pieter Bruegel the Elder - 6Ko]
Pieter Bruegel (Brueghel), o Velho (c. 1525 - 9 Setembro 1569) foi um pintor renascentista flamengo e gravurista conhecido por suas paisagens e cenas camponesas (pintura de gênero chamado). Ele é muitas vezes referida como "Peasant Bruegel" para distingui-lo de outros membros da dinastia Brueghel, mas ele é também o significado geralmente quando o ...
[Biography - Pieter Bruegel the Elder - 6Ko]
Питер Брейгель (Брейгель) Старший (ок. 1525 - 9 сентября 1569 г.) был фламандский живописец и гравер Возрождение известен своими пейзажами и сценами крестьянских (так называемая жанровая живопись). Его иногда называют «Крестьянское Брейгеля", чтобы отличить его от других членов династии Брейгеля, но он также один вообще имел в виду контекст не дела...
[Biography - Pieter Bruegel the Elder - 5Ko]
彼得勃鲁盖尔(Brueghel)长者(约1525 - 1569年9月9日)是法兰德斯文艺复兴时期的画家和版画家,他的风景画和农民的场面(即所谓的风俗画)闻名。他有时也被称为“农民勃鲁盖尔”,以区别于其他成员Brueghel王朝他,但他也通常意味着一个上下文时并不清楚哪些Brueghel被称为。他从1559下降,从他的名字“H”,并签署了他的画作为勃鲁盖尔。 据一些消息来源,他出生在Breugel布雷达(现在荷兰)镇附近。但是也有记录,他出生在布雷达,布雷(比利时)镇,被称为布雷达在拉丁美洲,是否是有一些不确定性。他是一个学徒,后来他结婚的女儿Mayken彼得Coecke面包车Aelst。他花了一段时间,在法国和意大利,然后去安特卫普,在1551年,他是作为一个画家协会主接受。不久后,他到意大...
[Biography - Pieter Bruegel the Elder - 3Ko]
ピーテルブリューゲル(ブリューゲル)エルダーは(紀元前1525〜9 September 1569)彼の風景や農民のシーン(いわゆる風俗画)で知られるフランドルのルネサンスの画家と版画家だった。彼は時々ブリューゲルの王朝の他のメンバーから彼を区別するために"農民ブリューゲル"と呼ばれるが、彼はコンテキストが参照されている明確などのブリューゲルなさないときにも、一般的に意味一つです。 1559年から彼は彼の名前から'h'をドロップし、ブリューゲルとして彼の絵画に署名した。 いくつかのソースによると彼はブレダの(現在はオランダ語)町の近くBreugelに生まれました。彼はブレダで生まれたという記録は、また、あります、そしてラテンのブレダと呼ばれるブリーの(現在のベルギー)の町が、、意味されているか...
[Biography - Pieter Bruegel the Elder - 3Ko]