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Portfolio >> Sanford Robinson Gifford

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  • Sanford Robinson Gifford - A View from the Berkshire Hills, near Pittsfield, Massachusetts
  • Sanford Robinson Gifford - Mount Chocurua, New Hampshire
  • Sanford Robinson Gifford - Mount Merino
  • Sanford Robinson Gifford - October in the Catskills
  • Sanford Robinson Gifford - Stelvio Road by Lago di Como
  • Sanford Robinson Gifford - Kauterskill Falls
  • Sanford Robinson Gifford - A Sketch of Mount Chocorua
  • Sanford Robinson Gifford - On the Nile, Gebel Shekh Hereedee
  • Sanford Robinson Gifford - Study of Windsor Castle
  • Sanford Robinson Gifford - Sunset in the White Mountains
  • Sanford Robinson Gifford - Valley of the Chug Water
  • Sanford Robinson Gifford - Lake Maggiore
  • Sanford Robinson Gifford - The Golden Horn
  • Sanford Robinson Gifford - Lake Scene
  • Sanford Robinson Gifford - The Catskills from Hudson, N.Y.
  • Sanford Robinson Gifford - Villa Malta, Rome
  • Sanford Robinson Gifford - Kauterskill Clive, in the Catskills
  • Sanford Robinson Gifford - A Sketch in Kauterskill Clove
  • Sanford Robinson Gifford - Indian Summer in the Bronx
  • Sanford Robinson Gifford - Sunset in the Adirondacks
  • Sanford Robinson Gifford - Kauterskill Clove, Catskill Mountains
  • Sanford Robinson Gifford - A Sudden Storm, Lake George (aka Coming Rain, Lake George)
  • Sanford Robinson Gifford - Hook Mountain on the Hudson River
  • Sanford Robinson Gifford - Morning in the Adirondacks
  • Sanford Robinson Gifford - Mount Rainier, Bay of Tacoma, Puget sound
  • Sanford Robinson Gifford - Sunset over the Palisades on the Hudson
  • Sanford Robinson Gifford - A Winter Walk
All 184 Artworks from Sanford Robinson Gifford

Sanford Robinson Gifford (July 10, 1823 – August 29, 1880) was an American landscape painter and one of the leading members of the Hudson River School. Gifford's landscapes are known for their emphasis on light and soft atmospheric effects, and he is regarded as a practitioner of Luminism, an offshoot style of the Hudson River School.

Not to be confused with artist Robert Swain Gifford (1840–1905), no apparent relation.

Gifford was born in Greenfield, New York and spent his childhood in Hudson, New York, the son of an iron foundry owner. He attended Brown University 1842-44, where he joined Delta Phi, before leaving to study art in New York City in 1845. He studied drawing, perspective and anatomy under the direction of the British watercolorist and drawing-master, John R. Smith. He also studied the human figure in anatomy classes at the Crosby Street Medical college and took drawing classes at the National Academy of Design. By 1847 he was sufficiently skilled at painting to exhibit his first landscape at the National Academy and was elected an associate in 1851, an academician in 1854. Thereafter Gifford devoted himself to landscape painting, becoming one of the finest artists of the early Hudson River School.

Like most Hudson River School artists, Gifford traveled extensively to find scenic landscapes to sketch and paint. In addition to exploring New England, upstate New York and New Jersey, Gifford made extensive trips abroad. He first traveled to Europe from 1855 to 1857, to study European art and sketch subjects for future paintings. During this trip Gifford also met and traveled extensively with Albert Bierstadt and Worthington Whittredge.

In 1858, he traveled to Vermont, "apparently" with his friend and fellow painter Jerome Thompson. Details of their visit were carried in the contemporary Home Journal. Both artists submitted paintings of Mount Mansfield, Vermont's tallest peak, to the National Academy of Design's annual show in 1859. (See "Mt. Mansfield paintings controversy" below.) 'Thompson's work, "Belated Party on Mansfield Mountain," is now owned by the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York,' according to the report.

Thereafter, he served in the Union Army as a corporal in the 7th Regiment of the New York Militia upon the outbreak of the Civil War. A few of his canvases belonging to New York City's Seventh Regiment and the Union League Club of New York are testament to that troubled time.

During the summer of 1867, Gifford spent most of his time painting on the New Jersey coast, specifically at Sandy Hook and Long Branch, according to an auction Web site. "The Mouth of the Shrewsbury River," one noted canvas from the period, is a dramatic scene depicting a series of telegraph poles extending into an atmospheric distance underneath ominous storm clouds.

Another journey, this time with Jervis McEntee and his wife, took him across Europe in 1868. Leaving the McEntees behind, Gifford traveled to the Middle East, including Egypt in 1869. Then in the summer of 1870 Gifford ventured to the Rocky Mountains in the western United States, this time with Worthington Whittredge and John Frederick Kensett. At least part of the 1870 travels were as part of a Hayden Expedition, led by Ferdinand Vandeveer Hayden.

Returning to his studio in New York City, Gifford painted numerous major landscapes from scenes he recorded on his travels. Gifford's method of creating a work of art was similar to other Hudson River School artists. He would first sketch rough, small works in oil paint from his sketchbook pencil drawings. Those scenes he most favored he then developed into small, finished paintings, then into larger, finished paintings.

Gifford referred to the best of his landscapes as his "chief pictures". Many of his chief pictures are characterized by a hazy atmosphere with soft, suffuse sunlight. Gifford often painted a large body of water in the foreground or middle distance, in which the distant landscape would be gently reflected.

On August 29, 1880, Gifford died in New York City, having been diagnosed with malarial fever. The Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City celebrated his life that autumn with a memorial exhibition of 160 paintings. A catalog of his work published shortly after his death recorded in excess of 700 paintings during his career.

Between 1955 and 1973, Gifford's heirs donated the artist's collection of letters and personal papers to the Archives of American Art, a research center which is part of the Smithsonian Institution. In 2007, these papers were digitally scanned in their entirety and made available to researchers as the Sanford Robinson Gifford Papers Online.

Gifford painted some 20 paintings from the sketches he did while in Vermont in 1858. (See "travels" section above.) Of these, "Mount Mansfield, 1858" was the National Academy submission in 1859, and another painted in 1859, "Mount Mansfield, Vermont," came in 2008 to be in the center of a controversy over its deaccession by the National Academy in New York. The controversy had been reported in December, saying that the sale of paintings to cover operating expenses was against the policy of the Association of Art Museum Directors, which organization in turn was asking its members to "cease lending artworks to the academy and collaborating with it on exhibitions." The report also said the 1859 painting in question was "donated to the academy in 1865 by another painter, James Augustus Suydam." Amongst much more detail about on the deaccession, a later Times report said that the National Academy had sold works by Thomas Eakins and Richard Caton Woodville in the 1970s and 1990s respectively, according to David Dearinger, a former curator. "When the academy later applied to the museum association for accreditation, Mr. Dearinger recalled, it was asked about the Woodville sale and promised not to repeat such a move," the Times reported. News of the sale was originally broken, as reported in the Times, by arts blogger Lee Rosenbaum. As cited by Rosenbaum, her original story, with additional details on other contemplated sales by the Academy, ran December 5. The Times did subsequently report on the other contemplated sales, without credit to Rosenbaum.
[Biography - Sanford Robinson Gifford - 7Ko]
Sanford Robinson Gifford (Juillet 10, 1823 - Août 29, 1880) était un peintre paysagiste américain et l'un des membres éminents de la Hudson River School. Paysages Gifford sont connus pour leur accent sur la lumière et doux effets atmosphériques, et il est considéré comme un praticien de luminisme, un style émanation de la Hudson River School. Ne pa...
[Biography - Sanford Robinson Gifford - 10Ko]
Sanford Robinson Gifford (10. Juli 1823 - 29. August 1880) war ein amerikanischer Landschaftsmaler und einer der führenden Mitglieder der Hudson River School. Giffords Landschaften sind bekannt für ihre Betonung von Licht und weichen atmosphärischen Wirkung bekannt, und er ist als Praktiker der Luminismus, ein Ableger Stil der Hudson River School z...
[Biography - Sanford Robinson Gifford - 8Ko]
Sanford Robinson Gifford (10 de julho, 1823 - 29 de agosto de 1880) foi um pintor paisagista americano e um dos principais membros da Escola do Rio Hudson. Gifford paisagens são conhecidos por sua ênfase na luz e macio efeitos atmosféricos, e ele é considerado como um praticante de Luminism, um estilo de desdobramento da Escola do Rio Hudson. Não d...
[Biography - Sanford Robinson Gifford - 8Ko]
Sanford Robinson Gifford (10 Luglio 1823 - 29 agosto 1880) è stato un pittore del paesaggio americano e uno dei membri principali della Hudson River School. Gifford I paesaggi sono noti per la loro enfasi sugli effetti atmosferici morbide e leggere, ed è considerato come un praticante di luminismo, uno stile ramo della Hudson River School. Da non c...
[Biography - Sanford Robinson Gifford - 8Ko]
Sanford Robinson Gifford (10 julio 1823 a 29 agosto 1880) fue un pintor de paisajes de América y uno de los principales miembros de la Escuela del Río Hudson. Paisajes Gifford son conocidos por su énfasis en los efectos atmosféricos de luz y suave, y se le considera como un practicante del luminismo, un estilo de vástago de la Escuela del Río Hudso...
[Biography - Sanford Robinson Gifford - 9Ko]
Sanford Робинсон Гиффорд (10 июля 1823 - 29 августа 1880) американский художник-пейзажист, один из ведущих представителей школы реки Гудзон. Ландшафтов Гиффорд, известны их внимание на легкие и мягкие атмосферные эффекты, и он рассматривается в качестве практикующего Luminism, ответвление стиля школы реки Гудзон. Не путать с художником Робертом Суэ...
[Biography - Sanford Robinson Gifford - 7Ko]
桑福德· 罗宾逊吉福德(7月10日,1823 - 1880年8月29日)是美国风景画家和哈得逊河学校的领导成员之一。吉福德的景观被称为他们强调光线柔和的大气效果,他认为作为一个医生Luminism支脉风格的哈得逊河学校。 艺术家罗伯特· 斯温吉福德(1840年至1905年),没有明显的关系不被混淆。 吉福德出生在纽约松涛,并度过了他的童年在哈德逊,纽约,铸造厂老板的儿子。他出席布朗大学1842年至1844年,在那里他加入三角洲披,临行前研究于1845年在纽约市的艺术。英国水彩画家和绘画大师,约翰· R· 史密斯的指导下,他学习了素描,透视和解剖。他还研究了在克罗斯比街医学院解剖类人形了国家设计学院绘画班。 1847年他在绘画表现出他在美国国家科...
[Biography - Sanford Robinson Gifford - 3Ko]
サンフォード· ロビンソンギフォード(1823年7月10日 - 1880年8月29日)は、アメリカの風景画家とハドソン川の学校の主要メンバーの一人だった。ギフォードの風景は光と柔らかい大気の影響に関する彼らの強調のために知られており、彼はルミニズムの開業医、ハドソン川の学校の支流のスタイルと見なされます。 アーティスト、ロバート· スウェインギフォード(1840-1905)、明白な関係と混同しないように。 ギフォードは、グリーンフィールド、ニューヨークで生まれ、ハドソン、ニューヨーク、鉄鋳物工場の所有者の息子で幼少期を過ごしました。彼は1845年にニューヨークで美術の勉強を離れる前に、彼はデルタピピに参加したブラウン大学1842年から1844年を、出席した。彼はイギリ...
[Biography - Sanford Robinson Gifford - 4Ko]