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Portfolio >> Thomas Hart Benton

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  • Thomas Hart Benton - Study for ''People of Chilmark''
  • Thomas Hart Benton - Blast Furnace
  • Thomas Hart Benton - Chaing Gang
  • Thomas Hart Benton - Cutting Hay
  • Thomas Hart Benton - West Side, Hudson River
  • Thomas Hart Benton - Negro Head
  • Thomas Hart Benton - Prodigal Son 1
  • Thomas Hart Benton - Valentine
  • Thomas Hart Benton - America Today. City Activities with Subway
  • Thomas Hart Benton - Study for an Embroidery
  • Thomas Hart Benton - Two figures with a Beach Ball
  • Thomas Hart Benton - Flowers
  • Thomas Hart Benton - Wheat
  • Thomas Hart Benton - Martha's Vineyard Seacoast
  • Thomas Hart Benton - Figure Study
  • Thomas Hart Benton - People of Chilmark
  • Thomas Hart Benton - The Beach
  • Thomas Hart Benton - The Hailstorm
  • Thomas Hart Benton - The Lord is My Shepherd
  • Thomas Hart Benton - Central Park
  • Thomas Hart Benton - Figure Organization
  • Thomas Hart Benton - New England Postmaster
  • Thomas Hart Benton - Blast Furnace 1
  • Thomas Hart Benton - Persephone
  • Thomas Hart Benton - The Civil War - Industrial Progress
  • Thomas Hart Benton - The White Horse by the Gate
  • Thomas Hart Benton - Back Him Up
  • Thomas Hart Benton - Burlesque
  • Thomas Hart Benton - Sunflower and Buffalo
  • Thomas Hart Benton - Feeding the Trappers
 
All 226 Artworks from Thomas Hart Benton





Thomas Hart Benton (April 15, 1889 – January 19, 1975) was an American painter and muralist. Along with Grant Wood and John Steuart Curry, he was at the forefront of the Regionalist art movement. His fluid, almost sculpted paintings showed everyday scenes of life in the United States. Though his work is strongly associated with the Midwest, he painted scores of works of New York City, where he lived for more than 20 years; Martha’s Vineyard, where he summered for much of his adult life; the American South; and the American West.

Benton was born in Neosho, Missouri, into an influential family of politicians and powerbrokers. Benton's father, Maecenas Benton, was a lawyer and U.S. congressman. His namesake, great-uncle Thomas Hart Benton, was one of the first two United States Senators elected from Missouri. As a result of his father's political career, Benton spent his childhood shuttling between Washington D.C. and Missouri, spending one year at Western Military Academy in 1905-06, and was part of two different cultures. Benton rebelled against his father's grooming him for a future political career, and preferred to develop his interest in art. As a teenager, he worked as a cartoonist for the Joplin American newspaper, in Joplin, Missouri.

In 1907 Benton enrolled at the Art Institute of Chicago, but left for Paris in 1909 to continue his art education at the Académie Julian. In Paris, Benton met other North American artists, such as the Mexican Diego Rivera and Stanton Macdonald-Wright, an advocate of Synchromism. Benton subsequently adopted a Synchromist style from MacDonald-Wright's influence.

After studying in Europe, Benton moved to New York City in 1913 and resumed painting. During World War I, he served in the U.S. Navy and was stationed at Norfolk, Virginia. His war-related work had an enduring effect on his style. He was directed to make drawings and illustrations of shipyard work and life, and this requirement for realistic documentation strongly affected his later style. Later in the war, classified as a "camoufleur," Benton had to draw camouflaged ships that came into Norfolk harbor. His work was required for several reasons: to ensure that U.S. ship painters were correctly applying the camouflage schemes, to aid in identifying U.S. ships that might later be lost, and to have records of the ship camouflage of other Allied navies. Benton later said that his work for the Navy "was the most important thing, so far, I had ever done for myself as an artist."

Benton married Rita Piacenza, an Italian immigrant, in 1922. They met while Benton was teaching art classes for a neighborhood organization in New York City, where she was one of his students. The couple had a son, Thomas Piacenza Benton, born in 1926, and a daughter, Jessie Benton, born in 1939. They were married for 53 years until Thomas's death in 1975. Rita died ten weeks after her husband.

Benton taught at the Art Students League of New York from 1926 to 1935 and at the Kansas City Art Institute from 1935 to 1941. His most famous student, Jackson Pollock, whom he mentored in the Art Students League, would diverge from Benton's style and found the Abstract Expressionist movement. Pollock often said that Benton's traditional teachings gave him something to rebel against.

Benton's students in New York and Kansas City included many painters who would make significant contributions to American art. They included Pollock’s brother Charles Pollock, Charles Banks Wilson, Frederic James, Lamar Dodd, Reginald Marsh, Charles Green Shaw, Margot Peet, Jackson Lee Nesbitt, Roger Medearis, Glenn Gant, Fuller Potter, and Delmer J. Yoakum. Benton also briefly taught Dennis Hopper at the Kansas City Art Institute; Hopper was later known for being a rebellious actor, filmmaker, and photographer.

Benton was dismissed from the Art Institute in 1941, after he called the typical art museum, "a graveyard run by a pretty boy with delicate wrists and a swing in his gait;" he had made further disparaging references to what he said was the excessive influence of homosexuals ("the third sex") in the art world.

During World War II, Benton created a series titled The Year of Peril, which portrayed the threat to American ideals by fascism and Nazism. The prints were widely distributed. Following the war, Regionalism fell from favor, eclipsed by the rise of Abstract Expressionism. Benton remained active for another 30 years, but his work portrayed less social commentary and showed bucolic images of pre-industrial farmlands.

He painted a number of murals, including Lincoln (1953), Lincoln University in Jefferson City, Missouri; Trading At Westport Landing (1956), for The River Club in Kansas City; Father Hennepin at Niagara Falls (1961) for the Power Authority of the State of New York; Turn of the Century, Joplin (1972) in Joplin; and Independence and the Opening of The West, for the Harry S. Truman Library in Independence. His work on the Truman Library mural initiated a friendship with the former U.S. President that lasted for the rest of their lives.

Benton died in 1975 at work in his studio, just as he completed his final mural, The Sources of Country Music, for the Country Music Hall of Fame in Nashville, Tennessee.

In 1977, Benton's 2-1/2 story late-Victorian residence and carriage house studio in Kansas City was designated the Thomas Hart Benton Home and Studio State Historic Site. The site remains virtually unchanged from its appearance at the time of his death; clothing, furniture, and paint brushes are still in place. Displaying 13 original works of his art, the house museum is open for guided tours.

[Biography - Thomas Hart Benton - 7Ko]
Thomas Hart Benton (15 avril 1889 - 19 Janvier, 1975) était un peintre américain et muraliste. Avec Grant Wood et John Steuart Curry, il a été à la pointe du mouvement de l'art régionaliste. Son fluide, presque peintures sculptées montrent des scènes de la vie quotidienne aux Etats-Unis. Bien que son travail est fortement associée avec le Midwest, ...
[Biography - Thomas Hart Benton - 9Ko]
Thomas Hart Benton (15. April 1889 - 19. Januar 1975) war ein amerikanischer Maler und Wandmaler. Zusammen mit Grant Wood und John Steuart Curry, war er an der Spitze des Regionalismus Kunstbewegung. Seine Flüssigkeit, zeigten fast plastisch wirkenden Gemälde alltägliche Szenen des Lebens in den Vereinigten Staaten. Obwohl seine Arbeit ist stark mi...
[Biography - Thomas Hart Benton - 8Ko]
Thomas Hart Benton (15 aprile 1889 - 19 GENNAIO 1975) è stato un pittore e muralista americano. Insieme con Grant Wood e John Steuart Curry, fu in prima linea del movimento artistico regionalista. Il suo fluido, dipinti quasi scolpito ha mostrato scene di vita quotidiana negli Stati Uniti. Sebbene il suo lavoro è fortemente associato con il Midwest...
[Biography - Thomas Hart Benton - 7Ko]
Thomas Hart Benton (abril 15, 1889 a enero 19, 1975) fue un pintor y muralista. Junto con Grant Wood y John Steuart Curry, que estuvo a la vanguardia del movimiento de arte regionalista. Su fluido, pinturas casi esculpida mostraban escenas de la vida cotidiana en los Estados Unidos. Aunque su trabajo está fuertemente asociada con la región central,...
[Biography - Thomas Hart Benton - 8Ko]
Томас Харт Бентон (15 апреля 1889 - 19 января 1975), американский живописец и художник-монументалист. Наряду с Грант Вуд и Джон Стюарт Карри, он был в авангарде движения регионализма искусства. Его жидкость, почти скульптурные картины показал, бытовые сцены из жизни в Соединенных Штатах. Хотя его работа тесно связана с Запада, он написал множество ...
[Biography - Thomas Hart Benton - 7Ko]
托马斯哈特本顿(1889年4月15日 - 1975年1月19日)是美国画家和壁画。随着格兰特伍德和约翰斯图尔特库里,他在地方主义艺术运动的前列。他的流体,几乎雕刻绘画显示,在美国的日常生活场景。虽然他的工作是强烈与中西部相关的,他画了几十个新纽约市,那里他超过20年的生活的​​作品 玛莎的葡萄园,那里他他的成人生活的大部分summered 美国南部 和美国西部。 顿出生于尼欧肖,密苏里州,一个有影响力的政治家和权力玩家家庭的。顿的父亲,梅塞纳斯顿,是一名律师和美国国会议员。他同名,叔公托马斯哈特顿,前两个美国密苏里州选出的参议员之一。作为一个父亲的政治生涯的结果,顿度过了童年之间的穿梭于华盛顿和密苏里州,在西方军校支出在1905年至1906年一年,是两种不同的文化的一部分。顿反抗父亲的仪容为...
[Biography - Thomas Hart Benton - 3Ko]
Thomas Hart Benton (15 de abril de 1889 - 19 de janeiro de 1975) foi um pintor norte-americanos e muralista. Juntamente com Grant Wood e John Steuart Curry, ele estava na vanguarda do movimento de arte regionalista. Seu fluido, quase pinturas esculpidas mostrou cenas do cotidiano da vida nos Estados Unidos. Embora seu trabalho está fortemente assoc...
[Biography - Thomas Hart Benton - 7Ko]
トーマスハートベントン(1889年4月15日 - 1975年1月19日)は、アメリカの画家と壁画家だった。グラントウッドとジョンステュアートカレーと一緒に、彼は地域主義の芸術運動の最前線にいた。彼の液は、ほとんど彫刻絵画は、米国での生活の日常の風景を示した。彼はずっと彼の大人の人生のためにsummeredマーサスヴィンヤード、 南米、彼の作品が強く中西部に関連付けられているものの、彼は20年以上にわたって住んでいたニューヨークシティ、の作品のスコアを塗られ、アメリカ西部。 ベントンは、政治家とpowerbrokersの影響力のある家族にネオショ、ミズーリ州で生まれた。ベントンの父、マエケナスベントンは、弁護士と米国の国会議員だった。彼の同名の、大叔父トーマスハートベントンは、ミズーリ州から選...
[Biography - Thomas Hart Benton - 4Ko]
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